Nicotine salts have grown in popularity as an alternate type of nicotine in the vaping product business in recent years. But what are nicotine salts exactly, and how do they vary from typical freebase nicotine vape juices? This comprehensive guide seeks to clearly explain what nicotine salts are chemically, how they differ from freebase nicotine, their claimed benefits and effects, device compatibility, and risks to be aware of if you are thinking about incorporating these unusual e-liquids into your vaping routine.
Identifying Nicotine Salts’ Chemical Composition
To comprehend nicotine salts, it is necessary to first investigate the chemistry. Nicotine salts are a kind of nicotine found naturally in tobacco leaves, consisting of a nicotine cation and a proton base. Traditional vape juice is made using freebase nicotine, which is entirely isolated nicotine in its purest form. This freebase nicotine has a higher pH and frequently produces a harder throat hit, which some people dislike.
Nicotine salt e-liquids contain the same nicotine molecule as freebase, but the nicotine chemically attaches to an organic acid, such as benzoic acid, to form nicotine salt crystals. In comparison to higher pH freebase liquids, this chemical attachment to an organic acid lowers the pH, resulting in significantly smoother nicotine delivery.
Investigating the Production of Nicotine Salts
To understand how nicotine salts wind up in e-liquids, consider the manufacturing process. While pure isolated nicotine has a pH above 10, researchers discovered that adding an acid during the extraction phases reduces the resulting nicotine solution to a neutral 6-7 pH range. Most nicotine salt vape juices on the market contain benzoic acid, which creates the nicotine benzoate salt.
Rather than utilising pure freebase nicotine, any vape juice described as employing or containing nicotine salts has undergone processing in which an organic acid is added to decrease the pH and convert the freebase nicotine concentration to the smoother absorbed salt form. The end consequence of these deliberate chemical reactions is a nicotine solution known as a nicotine salt.
Potential Advantages of Using Nicotine Salt E-Liquid
There are some publicly publicised advantages. When compared to high pH standard freebase e-liquids, nicotine salts have some advantages to some vapers:
At equal or higher nicotine concentrations, the throat hit and vapour are smoother.
Nicotine absorption into the bloodstream is accelerated.
Coughing and throat discomfort are reduced.
When compared to freebase, flavour profiles are frequently more accurate.
User pleasure increased with the same nicotine dosage
Because nicotine salts provide a smoother sensation even at larger concentrations, they can be used to create e-juices that more nearly resemble the quick nicotine gratification of tobacco cigarettes. As a result, nicotine salt juices are an excellent alternative for newer vapers looking to quit smoking.
Key Differences Between Nicotine Salts and Freebase Nicotine
The following are the most visible distinctions that vapers detect between classic freebase nicotine vape liquids and newer nicotine salt varieties:
The higher pH of freebase causes a harsher throat impact.
The presence of freebase nicotine increases the alkalinity and pH of the e-liquid.
For the same effect, less nicotine is necessary in freebase juice.
Nicotine salts provide a more smoother throat impact and vapour.
Nicotine salts enable the tolerance of much larger nicotine doses.
Nicotine absorption into the bloodstream and brain is accelerated.
While standard 3-12mg freebase e-liquids may provide a pleasant nicotine experience for the average vaper, comparable enjoyment may often be obtained with only 25-50mg nicotine salt juices depending on device and inhaling manner. This enables discreet and simple vaping.
Potential Negative Effects or Risks of Nicotine Salts
While nicotine salts generally provide a smoother experience, there are certain inherent downsides and hazards to consider:
Because nicotine is highly absorbable, there is a risk of quicker dependence.
At equivalent intensities, there is less vapour generation and density.
Can make dehydration worse by causing extra water loss
At extremely high doses, it is more harsher for the tongue, throat, and lung tissues.
Increases the overall nicotine addiction potential of consumers over time
Furthermore, due to quicker uptake, concentrated intake or absorption of pure liquid nicotine salts may result in more severe nicotine poisoning symptoms than similar freebase exposure. Vigilance in handling is essential.
Nicotine Salt Devices and E-Liquid Applications
Based on their intended performance, the following vaping devices are most suited for usage with nicotine salt e-liquids:
High resistance low wattage pod vape systems
Disposable e-cigarettes with a pre-filled closed system
Pod kits that can be refilled and all-in-one (AIO) vaping devices
Tanks and pens designed specifically for tight draws.
When taking massive direct lung impacts at sub-ohm levels, attempting to vape high nicotine concentration salts is too harsh and uncomfortable on the throat. Lower vapour production configurations offer the best combination of power and airflow for enjoying smooth nicotine salt vaping.
Methods for Including Nicotine Salts in Your Routine
Starting with lower 25-35mg nic salt strengths first allows responsible assessing your personal tolerance of the faster acting nicotine delivery before eventually increasing the nicotine concentration over time as desired for experienced vapers considering integrating nicotine salt juices into their current device and e-liquid rotation. Remember to stay hydrated and use caution when handling high nicotine salt juice, especially at concentrations more than 50mg/mL.
To summarise, nicotine salt e-liquids provide a distinct alternative vaping experience by delivering smoother and quicker nicotine effects at higher concentrations than freebase juices. Try nicotine salts out for yourself, being cautious to determine whether they satisfy nicotine cravings better with your device setup than your current go-to vape juice. Just be cautious of usage due to the increased nicotine intake.